Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Content on TelevisionTalk about nonheterosexual issues that are sexual.

Same-sex behavior that is sexual

Every 2-minute interval that were coded as containing one or more style of sexual intercourse monitored in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, sexual intercourse suggested, sexual activity depicted, as well as other intimate behavior 2 has also been examined when it comes to existence of same-sex behavior that is sexual. Because of this product, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted when you look at the period happened between two different people for the exact same intercourse.

Explore nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas

Each 2-minute period that have been coded as containing a minumum of one example of talk through the intimate talk groups utilized in the primary coding task ( e.g., reviews about own/others’ intimate actions or passions, speak about sexual activity which includes currently occurred, speak about sex crimes) ended up being additionally coded for whether some of the sexual talk linked to nonheterosexuals. With this item, programmers once again utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the intimate talk reflected the intimate passions or issues of nonheterosexual people. Most frequently, such feedback associated with gays and lesbians, although periodically these people were connected with bisexuals.

Intimate remarks involving homosexual and lesbian recommendations can have purposes except that portraying the intimate issues of those teams such as for instance usage by right figures to reaffirm their heterosexuality or even to tease someone else. Therefore, requirements had been founded to make sure that this product had been coded “yes” for a period only if speak about intercourse involving nonheterosexual references actually addressed sexual dilemmas of gays, lesbians, or bisexuals; otherwise, the responses had been coded within their appropriate intimate talk category but did not count toward a yes reaction because of this item. For instance, if a male character had been to protect his present dating dry spell and not enough sex-life by asserting, “Well, it isn’t like i am homosexual; i recently have not met the best girl!” such a comment might have been coded in the primary coding task when you look at the intimate talk category “own/others’ intimate passions or actions” because he made a mention of their intimate curiosity about ladies, however the mention of the maybe maybe not being homosexual will never have counted toward a confident reaction to the product on speak about nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas.

System Coding

Coder training

When it comes to very first 12 months’s content analysis, 16 pupils (10 females, 6 men) from neighborhood universities served as programmers; within the 2nd 12 months, 13 programmers (8 females, 5 men) who have been either present university students or current graduates carried out the information coding. Six regarding the programmers done both analyses that are content. The stages of coder training included orientation to your coding task and codebook, big group coding of programs perhaps maybe not into the test with supervisors, and lastly individual coding of training programs where programmers evaluated shows independently after which talked about the outcome period by interval in regular conferences. Initial dependability analyses had been carried out on information gathered through the specific training stage of training to find out whenever programmers could continue because of the coding task that is actual. The dependability analyses presented below, nevertheless, connect with assessments of coder contract acquired through the coding of the subset of programs into the scheduled system examples.

Coding procedures

Programmers viewed sequential 2-minute periods of program some time coded the existence or lack of intimate behavior and talk about sex linked to nonheterosexuals. While the coding ended up being restricted to system content and excluded commercials as well as other promotions, programmers utilized kitchen area timers and also the counters in the videocassette recorders to trace 2-minute periods of program time. Programmers recorded information on scannable kinds for every period while they viewed it. Although programmers were permitted to carry information forward (i.e., use information presented in prior periods to know the information in subsequent people), these were perhaps maybe not permitted to rule backwards (for example., use information learned later in a scheduled system to return and alter the xlovecam webcams coding in a youthful period). All opening credits and the ones shutting credits followed closely by content from the episode that is currenti.e., one last scene) had been coded.

Interrater Reliability Analyses

About 11 to 12per cent regarding the programs when you look at the system examples (letter = 157 and n = 154 when it comes to very very first and content that is second, correspondingly) had been arbitrarily assigned to two coders for separate coding and dependability evaluation. The coders then met to resolve any discrepancies in the two sets of ratings and produce a final set of ratings for the show that was used in data analyses of the entire program sample after both coders’ data had been recorded and analyzed for reliability purposes. Assessment of dependability ended up being carried out for a basis that is ongoing the 4 to 5 months it took programmers to accomplish the whole system test every year. Programs out of each and every genre and each system type had been within the reliability analyses. Genres were represented when you look at the double-coded examples in approximate percentage with their representation within the general program examples.

The number of 2-minute intervals coded for each variable related to sexual minorities was summed across the intervals in an episode to gauge the frequency with which same-sex sexual behavior and talk about nonheterosexual sexual issues occurred within each program episode for purposes of reliability assessment. This summing lead to converting nominal data (i.e., presence/absence) during the level that is 2-minute-interval regularity counts during the program degree (number of intervals by which same-sex intimate behavior took place in the episode). Consequently, the dependability analyses utilized the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). The ICC is an evaluation regarding the percentage of variance when you look at the measures owing to coder agreement corrected for chance. For interval information like the regularity matters utilized here, the ICC is the same as Krippendorf’s alpha (Krippendorf, 1980).

An ICC of .70 was utilized whilst the criterion for appropriate reliability. Both products utilized to measure the presence of nonheterosexual themes considerably surpassed this criterion. The ICC for same-sex intimate behavior had been .97 in 12 months 1 and .99 in 12 months 2. The ICC for explore nonheterosexual intimate problems ended up being .89 in year 1 and .95 in 12 months 2.